All volumes are developed according to performance-based Grammar points are systematically introduced with simple but adequate explanations and abundant examples and exercises. Conversation and reading sections contain comprehension questions, grammar and usage, activities, and English translations.
Vocabulary for each lesson appears conveniently at the bottom of the page. A dictionary of Korean grammar and usage is forthcoming.
Integrated Korean: High Advanced 1 · Sungdai Choi – Hyo Sang Lee – Hye-Sook Wang · Könyv · Moly
Subscribe now to be the first to hear about specials and upcoming releases. Title Author. Integrated Korean: High Intermediate 1. Description of this Book Developed collaboratively by leading classroom teachers and linguists of Korean, High Intermediate replaces Advanced Intermediate as the third-year textbook in the popular Korean language-learning series Integrated Korean. This preview is indicative only. The content shown may differ from the edition of this book sold on Wheelers.
While interpersonal differences in terms of relative age, kinship, social status, etc. For instance, compare the English and Korean in a father and son saying good night. Good night, Dad. Father: Good night, ] OM. English Son:. In ruL'11e. Korean, on the other hand, they use entirely different expressions. Not a single element is shared. Under no circumstances may the son use any part of his father's utterance in saying good night to his father, and vice versa.
Honorific and plain forms appear in the following categories. The full or family name may precede this.
Integrated Korean: High Advanced 1
D2T'B Prof. The most frequently Llsed one among young company colleagues or to an adult junior is the gender-neutral noun ssi.
This noun is attached to a full name or a given name, as follows. Kim Yujin Yujin s5i lain 5Sl To address or refer to a child, either a full name without any title word or a given name alone is used. The honorific forms are used for an adult equal or senior, whereas the plain fonns are used for a junior or child, as illustrated below. There are several second person pronouns 'you' such as no singular and no-hlii plura] addressed to children. No second person pronoun may be used to refer to an adult equal or senior.
Thus, one continuing cultural observation is that Korean does not have a second person pronoun for an adult equal or senior. These speech levels are indicated by sentence-final suffixes attached to verbs and adjectives. These suffixes are illustrated below with the declarative statement sentence type. There are also interrogative question , imperative command, requestl, and propositive suggestion suffixes.
Younger speakers use only the deferential, polite, intimate, and plain levels. The most common level used to an adult is the polite one, whjch is less formal than but just as polite as the deferential level. While the deferential level is used mostly by male speakers, the polite level is widely used by both males and females in daily conversation.
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Both the polite and the deferential level s are used to address a socially equal or superior adult, but in general, the polite level is favored between close adult friend s. Even in a formal situation, both the deferential and polite levels are us ually used by the same speaker in the same conversation. In formal occasions such as news report s and public lectures, only the deferential level is used.
The intimate level, which is also referred to as the "half-talk" level polite form minu s -yo iLl, may be used by an adult to a s tudent, by a child of preschool age to hi s or her family members, including parents, or between close friends whose friendship began in childhood or adolescence. The plain level is typically used by any speaker to any child, to younger siblings, children, or grandchildren regardless of age, to a daughter-in - law, between intimate adult friends whose friend ship started in childhood, and in writing for a general audience.
Thi s level is frequently intermixed with the intimate level. How are you? For example, one bows to c senior person s uch as a profes sor when arriving or leaving. The senior person does not bow to a junior. Jng-ne - e xpressed 11 presence of an ingroup senior, e. Words and word classes - " :c less formal e" el i::;. Based on how they function in sentences, all words are ciassified into the following classes and subclasses.
These word classes and ",ubclasses are given in each lesson under "New Words and Expressions. Pronouns substitute for nouns or noun equivalents : e. Numbers indicate numbers, including native and Sino-Korean words : native numbers, e.
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Verbs denote action or progress : eg. Adjectives denote state, either physical or psychological : e. Copulas a special subclass of adjectivE's, denoting equation, identification, or definition : e. Adverbs modify a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a clause, a sentence, or a discourse : e. Pre-nouns occur only before a noun, and include demonstratives and expressions of quality and quantity : e. Conjunctions connect two sentences : e.
H Ai 'so' Particles following a noun or noun equivalent, indicate its grammatical relation or delimit its meaning : e. A bare verb or adjective form without a suffix is called a verb stem or an adjective stem. These are called dictionary forms. The sound pattern Korean speech sounds and the pattern of sound combinations are extremely different from English, Chinese, and Japanese. Thus, a total of nineteen consonants exists in Korean, as diagrammed below with the corresponding Korean alphabetic symbols : position or between vowel s and the nasa!
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These and numerous other sound- alternating phenomena will be observed and drilled in great detail throughout thi s volume. Notice in all of the a bove examples that Korean orthographic spellings are not changed des pite th e sound alternations.subtpertedeswa.tk
Integrated Korean High Advanced 1
For example, p 2: "a uuTlI 'G There are two semivowels, y and w. The syllable structure of spoken Korean is outlined in a below, where parentheses stand for optional appearance. Onl Y the vowel is a required element in a spoken syllable. The dot U stands for a spoken sy llable boundary. While English allows up to three consonants in syllable-initial and sy llable-final positions, as in "strike" and "tasks," Korean allows only one consonant in those positions.
Thus, for example, the single-syllable English word strike is borrowed into Korean as a five-syllable loanword, su. I-Ian'gul is used to represent all Korean vocabulary, including native words, Sino- Korean words and loanwords, and any foreign words. Chinese characters are used only to represent Sino- Korean words. For centuries before Han'gul was created by King Sejong the Great, the fourth king of the Choson dynasty, and his royal scholars in , only Chinese characters had been used.
The current trend shows increasing use of Han'gul spellings over Chinese characters. Even in newspapers and scholarly books, use of Chinese characters is extremely limited. Unlike Chinese characters, which represent meanings of words, and Japanese In characters, which represent syllables, the characters of the Han'gul alphabet represent individual sounds such as consonants and vowels. Details of Han'glil orthography are presented in "Han'gul and Pronunciation," below.
Learning Korean Arabic, Chinese, Japanese, and Korean are among the mos t difficult languages for native English speakers to learn because of the vast differences between English and these languages in vocabulary, pronunciation, grammar, and writing system, as well as in the underlying tradition, culture, and society. English speakers require three times as much time to learn these "difficult" languages than to learn "easy" languages, such as French or Spanish, to attain a comparable level of proficiency.
Indeed, English-speaking students who study Korean deserve praise for undertaking such a difficult but invaluable language, which has enonnous cultural, academic, economic, and strategic significance. Students will also learn how to romanize Han'gul according to the McCune-Reischauer system of romanization, which is widely used by scholars, lib rary cataloguers, and the educated public in English-speaking countries. The individual consonant and vowel letters of Han'gCIl are combined into sy llable blocks to spell Korean word s and sentences.
Similarly, the consonant k or g is represented by -' , th e owe!
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This syllable means 'writing' or 'script'. Practice 1 Transcribe the following syllable blocks in Roman letters the spaces provided. In North Korea, onl y the horizontal writing is practiced. All vowel letters are composed of one or more of three kind s of strokes: a long vertical s troke I , a long hori zontal stroke - , and a short horizontal or vertical stroke - or I. The short s troke was originall y a round dot.
L 0 T u - 1 z l and 1, and -l] is the combination of -] and 1.